MG 5280: Russian wooden icon with silver rizza: The Holy Mandulion
This Icon depicts the Holy Mandulion, the Face of Christ, not made by human hands.
The legend of the Mandulion is similar to the western story of Veronika
who wiped the Face of Jesus with a piece of cloth.
The Icon is painted in the Style of the famous Simon Usakov,
who worked in the Armory Chamber in the Kremlin in the 17th century.
The Icon is painted on a linfen panel with a double polje.
RIZZA belonging to the Holy Mandulion icon
In the oklad/rizza a text is engraved saying: “ Donated by the Virgin (nun) Alexandra Feodorovna”. Size 31,5 x 27 cm.
This beautyfull hand hammered baroque silver rizza, is dated 1847 and belongs to the Holy Mandulion Icon.
It might happen that an artist or maker is unknown. As well you can find the following description:
•“Attributed to ….” In their opinion probably a work by the artist, at least in part
•“Studio of ….” or “Workshop of” In their opinion a work executed in the studio or workshop of the artist, possibly under his supervision
•“Circle of ….” In their opinion a work of the period of the artist showing his influence, closely associated with the artist but not necessarily his pupil
•“Style of ….” or “Follower of ….” In their opinion a work executed in the artist’s style but not necessarily by a pupil; may be contemporary or nearly contemporary
•“Manner of ….” In their opinion a work in the style of the artist but of a later date
•“After ….” In their opinion a copy (of any date) of a work of the artist
•“Signed…”, “Dated….” or “Inscribed” In their opinion the work has been signed/dated/inscribed by the artist. The addition of a question mark indicates an element of doubt
•"With signature ….”, “With date ….”, “With inscription….” or “Bears signature/date/inscription” in their opinion the signature/date/inscription has been added by someone other than the artist
Some works are not to be determined by whom it is made or it is made by (a group of) craftsmen. Examples are statues from the Ancient Time, furniture, mirroirs, or signatures that are not clear or readible but as well some works are not signed at all.